This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose something concerning the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the credibility regarding the arguments regarding the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments regarding the lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation associated with two texts. In either case, you will end up producing a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to spot the core that is author’s and vocabulary. Since theoretical or critical texts are generally thick and complex, it may possibly be beneficial to develop a plan for the author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, an invaluable lens essay will “grapple with central tips” of this lens text, in place of coping with remote quotes that could or might not be indicative associated with the author’s argument in general. As a result, it is essential to ensure that you certainly realize and will articulate the author’s points that are main continuing into the target text.

Upcoming, quickly see the target text to build up a basic notion of its content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of disagreement or agreement between your two texts? Which associated with lens text’s arguments that are main be reproduced towards the target text? It could be better to concentrate on a couple of for the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With one of these tips at heart, return back and browse the target text very very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about listed here questions: which are the main aspects of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary parts within the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s theoretical language or logic to circumstances within we do your essays the target text? Is there circumstances in which the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web page numbers, quotes, as well as your ideas and reactions while you read.

Because this style of paper relates to a complex synthesis of multiple sources, it’s particularly crucial to possess an obvious course of action before beginning composing. It may help to cluster quotes or occasions by material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or else alter the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper involves the interactions that are complex numerous texts, it is vital to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Be sure to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its particular arguments that are specific is likely to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific occasions you’ll be addressing in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some type or style of thesis declaration. Though there aren’t any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of relationship you’ll be speaking about, and describes exactly what your critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing the human body

Your body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to quotes that are specific circumstances into the target text. In each situation, remember to talk about exactly just what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Make use of the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the mark text, but ensure that you be clear about where a few ideas into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the goal text, your very own interpretation etc.) and so the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this particular analysis, you might be “entering an academic conversation” and inserting your own personal tips. Since this will be obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Within their guide, they state, I Say, the authors construct numerous templates to simply help authors take part in unfamiliar types of critical discourse that is academic. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in virtually any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them being an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

Right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer for the lens text lays away a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the goal text. Certainly, within the target text, one sees ________, that could be looked at a good example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Therefore, we come across a place of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In accordance with the lens text _______ tends to take place in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the goal text could possibly be considered an example of _______. But, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is proper that ________, one could expect you’ll see ________ in the mark text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This problem is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

By this aspect in your essay, you ought to be drawing conclusions regarding exactly what your lens analysis reveals concerning the texts in concerns, or even the wider problems the texts target. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control where you’re composing. Easily put, that which was the idea of undertaking your analysis into the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & business, 2007), 2-3.